"The Effects of French Enlightenment on Atatürk and the Republic" Panel Organized at PAU

Pamukkale University (PAU) Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of French Language and Literature organized a panel on "The Effects of French Enlightenment on Atatürk and the Republic".

The panel was moderated by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Şevket Kadıoğlu from the Department of French Language and Literature and Prof. Dr. Ercan Hatyoğlu and Prof. Dr. Umut Karabulut from the Department of History. Prof. Dr. Umut Karabulut from the Department of History as panelists, the enlightenment, which briefly means breaking away from religion and tradition, explaining the universe and human beings on a scientific basis, using reason as a criterion, was examined in a historical perspective, starting with the Humanism, Reform Movements in the Renaissance Period and the Cartesian doctrine that gave impetus to the enlightenment in the 17th century.

The panelists, after mentioning the different manifestations of enlightenment in England, Scotland and Germany, which was defined by the German philosopher Immanuel Kant as "the liberation of man from a state of immaturity into which he had fallen through his own fault, that is, from the inability to use his own reason without the guidance of another", emphasized that the French enlightenment differed from the others with its rationalist and activist character, and underlined that it had both a destructive and constructive character with the reconstruction of man and society.

Emphasizing that ignorance is the biggest obstacle to worldly happiness and human happiness, the panelists also discussed the encyclopedia, a huge project of dissemination of knowledge undertaken by the French enlightenmentists under the leadership of Diderot. They noted that Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who set the goal of "rising to the level of civilized nations", was influenced by the views of the French enlightenment while laying the foundations of the Republic of Turkey. The panelists emphasized that Atatürk was inspired by Rousseau's work The Social Contract, especially the republic and the principle of "sovereignty is unconditionally the nation", and pointed out that the French enlightenment also inspired Atatürk's revolutions.

At the end of the panel, which was important in reminding the audience of the dynamics of the Republic of Turkey, the audience asked questions to the panelists.

İlgili Haberler